2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

 1. What methods did the group(s) use to express their frustrations and ultimately lead to a revolution?                             

              The target of the frustrations were to the king, this is because the king declared martial law and consolidated power to himself (just like Marcos did), plus appointed a government led by himself, the Nepalese people started seeking a new form of government which led to democracy. In May 2002, King Gyanendra supported the popularly elected Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba when he dismissed the parliament elected in 1999. In October 2002 he dismissed Deuba and consolidated his power for the first time. During the years 2002 to 2005 he chose and subsequently dismissed three prime ministers, finally dismissing Deuba for the second time and taking over as absolute ruler on 1st February 2005. The Nepali rebels blockaded roads for some period of time and called for a nationwide strike, and eventually, the people held a two day nationwide strike. Also, during the nationwide strike, the king of Nepal imposed a curfew in Kathmandu from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m., stating that whoever defies the curfew will be shot on the spot. Besides this, the people of Nepal have held weeks of protests prior to the nationwide strike (some were organized and some were disorganized). During the protests and strikes, some of the Nepalese people were either hurt and injured in any way or killed.   

 2. How is your revolution similar and/ or different to one of the revolutions previously studied?                             

               The Philippine revolution has many similarities with the Nepal movement. Marcos and King Gyanendra of Nepal wanted to rule forever and not be overthrown so they sought martial law and bribed to have a government of their own and as the same result both countries ended up with a democracy. Both revolutions had many supporters and similar to the Pilippines’ revolution had a nationwide strike. One difference is that the Philippine revolution was non-violent while the Nepal movement had many injured, arrested and killed. Another difference is that Nepal was a monarchy from the start and the Philippines was a democracy on hold at the start.   

3. What was the eventual outcome of the revoltution, and did the nation/people become better due to the revoltution?           

                 Well, the change is kind of edgy, there is no more martial law and monarchy but some of the people are not new to this and some are still protesting for the king to come back. They also made an act, the 18 may act, which overrides the constitution of 1990. Some changes were that they scrapped the king’s position as the supreme commander of the army, scrapping the old national anthem until a new one is created, etc. I would say that the people became better due to the revolution because they successfully removed the power of the king and they were also successful in changing the form of government. Right now, Nepal has a constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy government, in other words they have a bit of democracy in their country, which is what the people want.   

 

4. Was the revolution justified? Would other methods of worked?               The revolution was justified because people power, just like the Philippines is the best way to go, although there were some casualties, they did it for a good cause knowing the penalties and consequences. They could have rebelled violently and a lot of them would have been killed and might have not worked. The movement they did was successful in changing the form of government. Before they were a monarchy and became an autocracy after king Gyanendra made it, but because of the movement, now they have a constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy government. In other words, Nepal is starting to have democracy in their country, which is what the people wanted and needed, so, I would say that the revolution was justified and some other methods would not be as successful as people power.

 

5. Breifly state whether or not your revolution follows Crane Brinton's stages of revolution.

               The Nepal democracy movement (Revolution) does follow Crane Brinton’s anatomy of a revolution, starting from the symptoms up to the convalescence. The symptoms were the people of Nepal protesting on the streets. The rising fever, Maoists rebels use violence against the government, killing some security personnel. The Nepalese people continue to hold weeks of protests. Crisis, the rebels call for a two day nationwide strike and blockaded roads for a period of time, which the people did do. The king imposes a curfew in Kathmandu from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m., but still people protested, demonstrators defy the curfew imposed by the king. The king also orders his men to shoot protesters violating the curfew to be “shot on site”. Convalescence, a new prime minister is appointed ( Prime Minister Girijia Prasad Koirala). Nepal’s new cabinet declares a ceasefire, they also announce that Maoist rebels are no longer considered a terrorist group.

 

 

 

Bibliography (Nepal Revolution) 

Sharma, Gopal. "Nepal Maoists call nationwide strike over envoys." Reuters Alertnet. 19 December 2006. 16 Jan 2008 . 

 Paramendra, "Nepal Revolution: Victory." Global Voices. 25 April 2006. 19 Jan 2008 . 

"Nepal: revolution at the crossroads." Socialist Worker Online. April 29 2006. 19 Jan 2008 . 

"People Power in Nepal." The Nation. 05 May 2006. 19 Jan 2008 . 

   

 

 

 

  

   

 

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  • professoreisenhower

    “…Excellent podcast lads!”

    Jan 31, 2008 at 11:15 am
  • Julia Saubier

    Julia Saubier, Block A, February 10, 2008

    1. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    2. Causes of the 2006 Nepal Democracy movement include; the king declaring martial law and consolidating power to him, plus the fact that he appointed a government led by himself.

    3. Results include a previous monarchy to become a democratic government plus the removal of martial law thus scrapping the king’s position as the commander in chief of the army. Creating a new constitution and national anthem are other results. Although the general population is happy due to the democratic government, there are still some individuals who are unhappy with the new change.

    4. The pod cast was executed brilliantly apart from the sound quality and the airiness of the voices. Sound effects were realistic and also very appropriate and made the audience feel as if they were witnesses to the actual revolution. The information was minimal but still very informative. Overall it was excellent, one of the best pod cast’s I’ve seen.

    5.There are many similarities to the revolution which I have studied (the Iranian revolution of 1979.) For instance both revolutions had many supporters, had similar methods, both were originally monarchy’s and lastly, the two revolutions were very violent and aggressive. Differences include the fact that the shah in the Irananian revolution did not declare martial law and was not interested in unlimited power while the King in the Nepal at the time of the 2006 was.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 11:01 am
  • modernrevolutionsa

    g

    Feb 10, 2008 at 12:14 pm
  • Raymond Oo

    Raymond Oo Block A February 10th, 2008

    1. 2006 Nepal Revolution

    2. The causes of the 2006 Nepal Revolution was when the king consolidated power by declaring martial law and the king appointed a goverment led by himself.

    3. Nepal became a constitutional Monarchy and a Parliamentary democracy after the Revolution. Also martial law has been lifted causing the king from leaving his Commander in Chief position. A new constitution and a new anthem are also results due to the revolution.

    4. The intro music was very good but the physical energy in their voices could be better. There was a good witness account due to the special effects. The music choice could be better for example instead of the intro music you could have something more realting to the podcast. Description of the revolution can be better more details.

    5. Both of the Revolutions were against imperial rule. Nepals revolution was to limit the kings rule and have some sort of democracy while the Russian Revolution was to have a communist governement.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 12:36 pm
  • Sarita Morris Block A February 10, 2008

    1. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    2. The causes for the 2006 Nepal Democracy movement were that the king declared martial law and consolidated power to himself. Nepalese started to form a government, which led to democracy.

    3. The results for this revolution are that there are no more martial law and monarchy, but some of the people are still protesting. Successfully because they changed the power of the king and the form of government. They still have a bit of democracy in the country, but that is what the people want.

    4. The pod cast was reasonable for this movement, it described Nepal very well and we could tell where the scene was taking place. It also had reasonable sound effects for the background. Even though they didn’t say that much, I think the pod cast was brilliant.

    5. The similarities with their revolution and the revolution I had studied (Iranian revolution) are that they both had violence and both were originally monarchies. A difference that we had was that the shah didn’t commit martial law, unlike their king, which did.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 3:49 pm
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Victor Zheng, Block A, Feb 10 2008

    1. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    2. The people were angry with the king of Napel and appointed a government ruled by himself, and the Nepalese people started to seek a new government system which would eventually lead to democracy.

    3.Though Martial Law and Monarchy have been swept aside but some people in Napel still want the king to come back to power. A new consitution along with a new anthem have been created.

    4. The podcast was very well done, it felt real and as if it was on a real channel. Some of voice energy could be improved, but the sound effects fits into the scene. The music helped add to the realism. There is a lot of detail on the revolution and and feels like a real eye witness account.

    5. This revolution is similar to the Tiananmen protests because there was violence and people were killed. And the changes are kind of edgy as described. The differences was that the people of Napel did manage to change the government from a Monarchy to a democracy. The Tiananmen protests goal was to demand for a democracy, but it failed to change anything.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 6:25 pm
  • Dawoon Park, Block A, Feb 10. 08

    1. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    2. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement happened because the citizens were unhappy about the king declaring martial law and taking away freedoms of the citizens. People started to seek a new form of government which would lead to democracy, which eventually started the revolution.

    3. The government system in Nepal changed from monarchy to democracy. Martial law was removed as well, which resulted in king leaving the position of commander in chief in army. Other results are creation of national anthem and new form of constitution. Even though majority of the citizens were happy about the result of the revolution, some of the individuals were unhappy and wanted the king to have power again.

    4. The podcast was well-done, it was very realistic and I felt like I was there. Even though the podcast was fairly short, it described the situation of Nepal very clearly and visually. Background and sound effects were well-chosen, I could picture out the scene while listening. Some more sound effects and fixed quality of sound could have made your podcast even greater! well done!

    5. One of the similarities between 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement and Saffron Revolution is that bringing democracy to the nation was the main goal for both of the revolutions. Another similarity is that there were violences as well as casualties in both of the revolutions. The difference is that while revolution in Nepal is finished and the democracy was finally brought to the country, Saffron Revolution is still on-going and because of that, democracy is not brought to Burma yet.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 6:02 pm
  • Md Fadzil Md Saad, Block A

    2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    The people started the opposition after the King Gyanendra declared martial law on Nepal. He also appointed a government that was led bty one ruler, himself.

    The martial law is lifted and the monarchy looses their power. But still, democracy is not fully fledged. The government resides on a constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy government. Changes in the constitution and anthem also occured.

    The podcast was good in a way that it sounded the same as a real news brodcast. Though it lacked some facts on the revolution. The peoples voices could be better with more spirit into it. Overall it was good.

    One thing that is dfferent in the Sharpeville massacre is that the people protested against the pass laws enforced by the government. The Nepal Democracy Movement protested against the one ruler. Another point is that the Sharpeville Massacre was planned to be peaceful, unlike the Nepal Democracy Movement.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 9:25 pm
  • modernrevolutionsa

    hi

    Feb 11, 2008 at 9:44 pm
  • Hong Kai Tan, Block A, 11 feb 2008

    1. 2006 Nepal Democracy Movement

    2. the revolution happened because the king declared martial law and consolidated power. he also appointed a government led by him.

    3. the results were that, there was no more martial law and monarchy in the country. a new anthem and constitiution was also created. although many people in Nepal were happy about the change, there are people who up to now still supportws the king.

    4. the podcast was good, it was quite realistic in a sense that it is real just like you know what’s happening. the music and the background music also helped the podcast becaome real. but i think they could have said more, but overall it pretty good.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 10:10 pm
  • Hong Kai Tan, Block A, 11 feb 2008

    5. it is quite different to the tiananmen square protest because the citizens of china didn’t overthrow the government because of the bad things the government were doing, they were just unhappy about the SYSTEM of government the chinese were using. while the Nepal people overthrew their monarchy because they were killing the poeple without proper reasons.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 10:19 pm
  • Hyun Jae (Jay) Lee

    1. The Nepal revolution

    2. The king of Nepal consolidated his power by declaring martial law, and it made people in Cuba furious and made them revolt against their king and the monarchy.

    3. After the revolution, the king stepped down from his position, the monarchy changed to the democracy, and at the same time martial law removed from Nepal. Many people satisfy with their new political system, but there are still some people who don’t like the new political system because they want to get their position back.

    4. The podcast was assume! The sound effect and the background music were well-chosen. So I felt like I was in that situation. The voice was clear and loud so I could understand everything what they said. I have nothing to recommend you because you guys did assume job.

    5. There are some differences and similarities comparing to the Edsa revolution. Those two revolutions both succeed their main goal. But the Edsa revolution wasn’t against the king, it was against the corrupt leader, and the government system of the Philippines didn’t change after the revolution. People in Nepal satisfy with the result of the revolution but Filipinos are not satisfying with their result of the revolution.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 10:50 pm
  • Justine Pelayo

    Nepal Democracy Movement

    1. The Nepali king declared Martial Law, which is when the military of a country takes over the government. Usually, in Martial Law, people would be imprisoned for no reason, even killed for crimes that are not that big. They enforce curfews, no freedom of press and much, much more. You can compare this to the Marcos regime in the Philippines. The king also kept all the power to himself.

    2. Nepal did get their freedom back, because democracy was finally given and monarchy was finally out of power. There were mixed opinions on the result though, because some people wanted the Nepali king to come back.

    3. The podcast was creatively done, with the shooting effects and the ‘news-themed’ song in the start and towards the end. It was informative and straight to the point, but I wished they explained it a bit more to lengthen the podcast because it was relatively short.

    4. It’s not really in the same boat, because the citizens of Nepal were only against the king’s choices, while the blacks in America were against the whole government. They did have something in common though, which was the blacks’ and the Nepalis’ goals to oust the two governments.

    Feb 12, 2008 at 6:07 pm
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