The 1989 Romanian Revolution

1. A protest began in Timisoara on December 16. A protest broke out because the government attempted to kick out a protester who was a Hungarian pastor from the country, Laszlo Tokes. Tokes had made negative comments toward the regime in the international media. The government suspected and declared that he was spreading racial hatred there for he should be exiled. The government took his bishop from his post, striping Tokes of the right to use the apartment he was allowed to use when he was a pastor. For some time, his churchgoers gathered around his home to protect him. The people that past by were told by the churchgoers to join them and that it was an attempt by the communist regime to not let people decide what religion they wanted. When mayor Petre Moţ saw that the protesters were not going to give up he suggested that he not charge Tokes for charges put against him, but when Mot failed to confirm his statement in writing, the people got angrier. The crowed tried to burn down the building where the District Committee stayed in. In result of this the police responded violently and beat the riot with sticks; they also used teargas, and water jets. A lot of people were arrested. Finally the On December 21, Ceausescu addressed a mass assembly to talk about the uprising that happened in Timisoara.  As he continued to talk to the crowd, there were sudden gunshots and bombes coming from outside the mass assembly. Bullhorns were sounded to let people know a revolution has started, and then the mass assembly turned into fighting and a large protest.  

2. The 1989 Romanian revolution is very different from the Philippine revolution. First of all, the Romanian revolution was incredibly violent and bloody. Many people lost their lives for this revolution to happen, while in the Philippine revolution, the people united and successfully overthrew their dictator non-violently. The dictator of the Philippines first ordered his army to attack the protesters but luckily, the army ended up going to the side of the protesters. This is very different to what happened in Romania because, there, the people working for the government did not lose their loyalty to them and continued to serve the communist leader. The army of the communist leader in Romania continued to oppress the citizens that wished to go against the dictator and protest. In the Philippines, neither the police nor the army violently attacked the citizens. The Philippine revolution was not very violent. Another difference between these two revolutions is that, while the people of Romania overthrew a communist leader, the citizens of the Philippines overthrew a dictator. When the communist leader was finally executed, different groups fought with each other, all groups wanting to take over the new Romania. This did not happen in the Philippines, many people had already agreed to a new president when the dictator was close to falling. Although these two revolutions are very different, both happened for the same reason. The citizens of both countries were frustrated with the governments because both leaders increased the poverty in the country. The protesters for both countries protested in landmarks, important places, and after these protests happened, both leaders declared martial law.

3.After the revolution, many gangs and groups fought with each other, struggling to get the power in the country. The group that was almost in power when Nicolae Ceaucescu was about to be executed, used to be a communist party. This made the other groups fighting for power protest and say that they were going to make Romania a communist place again, but when elections happened, the leader of the formerly communist group won 90% of the people that voted. After this, Romania became a better country than when Nicolae Ceaucescu was in control, with much poverty.

4. Yes, Romanian Revolution was justified. If you look at today there are no more big fights about the new regime. Although, I strongly believe that the people could have used different methods do express there anger and frustration towards the government. The methods they used were violent and unnecessary. I think that if the people had a problem with the government they could handle the situation in a non-violent manner. For example, instead of burning cars, attempting to burn a important building, destroying important documents, and using violence, the common people could have protested peacefully, or could have written anonymous letters to the government regarding there concerns. I think many people in the Romanian Revolution acted too abruptly with violence and aggression and think that many other methods would have worked to get the governments attention.        

 5. Before the Romanian revolution, the middle class were frustrated with economic problems in the country. In Brinton Crane’s theory, he says that in stage 1, the “middle class loudly expresses its anger over economic restraints placed upon it by the government.” His sentence completely matches what happened before the Romanian revolution. In stage 2, Brinton Crane says that “This is the escalation of the anger felt by the middle class. The people rise up against the government.” The people of Romania started to protest, angry with the way Nicolae Ceaucescu was controlling the country, and this shows how they rose up against the government. Brinton Crane states that in the 3rd phase of the revolution, “There is a lot of violence and efforts to spread the ideals of the revolution.” This is exactly what happened in this revolution. Hundreds of protestors disagreed with Nicolae Ceaucescu and many of them died from the oppression of Nicolae Ceaucescu. Lastly, Brinton states that the revolution ends and the country enters a period of recovery. After Nicolae Ceaucescu was executed, war was still in Romania because many groups were fighting for the power of the country. Brinton Crane’s theory of revolution matches what happened in the Romanian revolution.    

BIBLIOGRAPHY

"Communist Romania." Communist Romania - Wikipedia. Wikipedia. 3 Feb 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Romania>.  "Romania's bloody revolution ." BBC News|EUROUPE|Romania's Bloody Revolution. 30 January. BBC News. 30 Jan 2008 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/574200.stm>.

 "Romanian Revolution of 1989." Romanian Revolution. 30 January. Wikipedia. 30 Jan 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Revolution_of_1989>.

"Romania The revolution of 1989." Romania :: The revolution of 1989. Britannica. 3 Feb 2008 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-253522/Romania#477027.hook.  

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  • Daniel Viray

    Daniel Viray Block A February 07.08

    1. The 1989 Romanian Revolution

    2. The main cause of this revolution was because the Romanian communist government striped a Hungarian pastor, Laszlo Tokes, of his rights. They stripped him from his rights because he was trying to spread negative comments about the government; influencing the citizens around him. Because the pastor was attacked, his followers got angry and eventually revolted against the government. Another reason was because the Romanian people did not want to be told what to believe in.

    3. The results of this revolution was that Nicolae Ceaucescu, the leader of Romania, was overthrown and executed. After he lost his power, many parties battled to take power. After elections, one party won by 90% of the votes and took power of Romania.

    4. Your podcast made me feel as though I were actually listening to a radio during the 1989 revolution! The sound effects were great! I like how you added gun sounds when Bianca was speaking and didn’t add any while Hannah was. It made it seem like a real studio! One thing that you could improve on is adding music to your background while you are speaking. It would seem more realistic. Otherwise, it was an outstanding podcast! Great job!

    5. This revolution is similar to the Russian revolution because both of the country’s leaders were overthrown. In Russia, Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and in Romanina, Nicolae Ceaucescu was overthrown. It is different because the Romanian revolt stared because the government attacked a pastor. In Russia, the revolution started because of the government’s bankruptcy due to expenses paid for World War I.

    Feb 7, 2008 at 9:46 pm
  • Jason Pesengco

    Jason Pesengco Block A Feb. 8, 2008

    Blog Review

    1.The 1989 Romanian Revolution

    2.The cause of the revolution-The government took away the freedom of Lazlo Tokes, a Hungarian pastor from the country. Tokes stated negative comments towards the Romanian government, therefore the government suspected and declared that he was spreading racial hatred there, therefore he was exiled. He was also exiled by the government because the government knew that more and more people will start to listen to him.

    3.The Romanian Revolution was bloody and gory. When the communist leader and his wife were overthrown and executed, a sum of different groups fought with each other, all groups wanting to take authority over Romania. After elections, one party won by 90% of the votes and took over Romania.

    4. I felt like one of the people there. The podcast has appropriate sound effects and music. It was well chosen. The details and background of the revolution was clearly explained.

    5. Both revolutions were bloody and extremely violent. Another similarity is that the people protested and rallied to put the message across the government. One main difference is that the Nepal revolution was to welcome democracy, while the Romanian revolution was because, the majority of the Romanian populace were dissatisfied with the Communist regime.

    Feb 8, 2008 at 5:27 pm
  • Raymond Oo

    Raymond Oo Block A February 10, 2008

    1.The 1989 Romanian Revolution.

    2. A Hungarian Pastor, Lazlo Tokes freedom was taken away when he stated negative comments toward Ceausescu’s communist regime, therefore the governement exiled him for “spreading racial hatred.” Another reason was that People wanted religious freedom.

    3. It resulted in the execution of Nicoale Ceausesu after, many parties and groups tried to get power of Romania, but later one party won the elections with 90% of the votes.

    4. I felt like I was there due to the sound effects, but there should be music in the background to enhance the podcast to make it better. The description for the background information was clearly explained for the audience. One other thing that can make the podcast better is to have more physical energy in the voice.

    5. Romanian Revolution was the fall of Communism while the Russian revolution was the birth of Communism. Both revolutions were bloody and oppresed but both succeeded. Romanian Revolution was sparked by religious freedom while the Russian Revolution was spraked by anger from Soldiers and Workers and the ineffectiveness of the Tsar.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 12:06 pm
  • Nicole Shim

    Nicole Shim Block A Feburary 11 2008

    1. The 1989 Romanian Revolution 2. The cause for the Romanian Revolution was that the government exiled a Hungarian pastor, Lazlo Tokes, for spreading racial hatred as he made negative comments toward the regime in the international media. Another cause was that people wanted freedom to choose their religion. 3. The Romanian Revolution resulted when Nicolae Ceaucescu and his wife were executed. Many groups fought with each other, struggling to get the power in the country and when election happened, one group won 90% of the people that voted. 4. I felt like I was one of people there because the sound effects were so realistic. Especially, I liked the woman crying sound. Their voices were loud and very clear. However, I think this podcast could be better if Bianca sounded more tense and urged. 5. The Romanian Revolution and the Singing Revolution are similar because both of them tried to overthrow the government (or the leder) they had and they both succeeded. They are also different because the Romanian Revoluion was extremely violent while the Singing Revolution was peaceful and bloodless.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 6:48 pm
  • agustin davalos

    Agustin Davalos Block A February 10, 2008

    1.) The 1989 Romanian Revolution

    2.) The revolution took place because the government charged a pastor known as Lazlo Tok for protesting against the government through the media with and stated that this was because he was “spreading racial hatred.” The people gathered to protect him so they gathered around the house at which he was staying at and informed everyone to join the protest.

    3.) After the revolution many gangs and groups started to form on the streets and started to fight each other to try and reach a higher level of power. The country then became a communist country and became a much better place than it was when Nicolae was in power.

    4.) This pod cast was extremely good. The way Hannah was walking was incredible. I really enjoyed the sound effects of the guns and the screaming. It was a smart idea to record in the library because you don’t get all the fuzziness. I would recommend that Bianca didn’t sound so calm and that you add more protest noises.

    5.) This Revolution was similar to my Revolution because guns were used as a manner to force the people out just like the police men used guns to shoot at the African Americans to stop them from throwing rocks.

    Feb 12, 2008 at 10:13 am
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Hyund Don Um Block A

    1) The 1989 Romanian Revolution

    2) It was due to a pastor, who got stripped infront of where he lives, ingnoring his rights, becuase he was spreading negative comments about the government, and his followers got mad because of this, but also because they wanted their freedom.

    3) After the leader of the communist leader and his wife were thrown out, many other parties fought for the place, but one party wins by being voted for 90%.

    4) This pod cast was rather good and realsitic, there were gun shots making it sound as if it was happening, and the voice of the readers were mostly clear, and was easy to understand what was said.

    5) This revoultion is different with mine, EDSA. EDSA revoulution had no violence happened, but in here violence was involved, and many people got arrested for saying their thoughts.

    Feb 12, 2008 at 2:51 pm
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Kotaro Hirano Block B

    1. The Romanian Revolution

    2. A pastor was stripped in front of where he lives, because he was about to spread negative commments about the government, and the followers of the pastor got mad of him getting his right ignored.

    3. The communist leader was thrown out and other parties started to fight each otehr for the place, and soon, one party won by having 90% of the vote.

    4. Gunshots and other back ground musics makes the listener as if he is in the revoulution, and also, the pod casters voice was loud and clear easy to understand.

    5. This revolution was not similar to mine because mine did not include violence.

    Feb 12, 2008 at 3:25 pm
  • Kristofer Merideth

    Kristofer Merideth BLock: H

    The 1989 Romanian Revolution

    1.A protester (a bishop) spoke out against his government in the international media. In reaction, the government striped him of his power, Laszlo Tokes, and tried to exile him. Other protestors became angry, and defended Laszlo at his house, which eventually became a revolution. The Romanians also wanted to have freedom of religion.

    2. The revolution eventually ended by Nicolae Ceaucescu being kicked out of power and eventually executed. After he was overthrown, many ‘gangs’ began to fight each other to gain power over Romania.

    3. Over all, the pod cast was great; the sound effects were pretty good. The information of what was going on was really good. One thing I would change would be the volume of the background while Bianca was talking.

    4. Both revolutions were dealing with a communist government. Although, our revolution wasn’t as violent as this was. Both began with protests.

    Feb 13, 2008 at 5:16 pm