Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

What methods did the group(s) use to express their frustrations and ultimately lead to a revolution?

The people of China at first held in their frustrations until the death of Secretary general Hu Yaobang, the students believed their government to be corrupted, the students wanted to end the Communist reign, and they wanted democracy, more personal freedoms. Because of Hu Yaobang’s death and the frustrations, the students gathered at Tiananmen square to mourn for Hu Yaobang and to demonstrate against the government. This was how the Chinese students held in and expressed their frustrations to the Communist government. This would ultimately lead to the Tiananmen protests. This was a bold act demonstrating against the strict and violent Communist government.

 

 How is your revolution similar and/or different to one of the revolutions previously studied?

 

 The similarities between People Power revolution and the Tiananmen square protests is the fact that both were demonstrated peacefully with no violence from the protesters and that both revolutions received a lot of media attention. It is different from People Power because the government reacted violently to the protesters, deaths occurred and the people failed to change the government’s policy. The protestors themselves were violent by destroying government property and by blocking roads with buses to stop the advance of Chinese soldiers. They failed to put an influence on the world, they failed to change what they hated.

 

What was the eventual outcome of the revolution, and did the nation/people become better due to the revolution?

 

The outcome of the revolution was that nothing changed in the government’s policy, people were killed. Damaged the reputation of the PRC in the West, protests continued on large scale around the country. The country became under the rule of Martial Law on May 20th. The Chinese government also equipped its police and armed forces with more adequate riot control weapons so that if a riot such as Tiananmen is to happen again, there will be fewer casualties for both sides. The European Union and the US both announced an arms embargo on China to prevent the government from committing violent acts again such as the incident at Tian Anmen Square. Also now in the country, there is a lot of censorship involving Tiananmen. As the years passed though, the people were given more personal freedoms, but not as much as the protestors at Tiananmen had fought for.

Was the revolution justified? Would other methods would have worked?

The revolution was not justified, the people protested nonviolently and the governments reacted violently. Eventually though the people did start destroying government property such as public buses to block the military’s path. So both sides of the conflict did not use the justified methods to solve the issue. The protestors could of simply did as the did in People Power and protect themselves by forming a human wall. The soldiers wouldn’t have dared attacked or shoot any of them, though in the real situation, the protestors did destroy government property which gave the soldiers the slightest reason to fire at the crowd.

Briefly state whether or not your revolution follows Crane Brinton’s stages of revolution?  

The revolution briefly follows the anatomy because the symptoms of the revolution, the problems and inequality the people face isn’t over bearing but is enough to cause anger amongst the common people. It follows the anatomy of Rising Fever because the protests start to begin and escalates. Though no new government was formed, there was a call for democracy. Phase 3, crisis, fits in because of the amount of violence that erupts when soldiers start firing upon the crowd of protestors. The revolution became fragile and was broken apart. For Convalescence, the protests still continued through the country and in Chinese communities around the world supporting the protestors, but the life in the country beings to returns to normal and several student leaders were arrested or killed after the protests. It took several years for China to resume to normal life.

        "Tiananmen Square." 18:40, 15 January 2008 29 january 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_Square>.   "Tiananmen Square." 18:40, 15 January 2008 29 january 2008 <>. 

   

    

    

     

       

   

 

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  • Julia Saubier

    Julia Saubier, Block A, February 10, 2008

    1. Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2. The people who participated in this protest felt that their government was corrupt and wanted to end the communist reign- meaning they wanted to have a democratic government.

    3. Results of this demonstration include; Damaged PRC reputation in the West, Martial Law on May 20th, more equipped army and police, EU and US announced arms on China, people killed, no change in the government’s policy thus more protests continue.

    4. The voices in the beginning were very cool and original, and the intro was brilliant, the only problem with this pod cast was that it was very difficult to understand what was being said plus the voices were very airy and the sound quality was very bad. The special effects benefited/ improved the pod cast and what victor and Hong Kai said was very minimal but enough to understand the situation. If the sound quality was better this would have been excellent.

    5. This demonstration/ protest is both similar and different to the Iranian revolution of 1979. Similarities involve similar methods, plus the people demonstrated peacefully but the government reacted differently, violently, thus killing innocent civilians in both cases. The Iranian revolution put an influence on the world while the Tiananmen Square Protested failed to. In the Tiananmen Square protests the failed to throw out the corrupt leader while Iranians succeeded to do so.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 11:17 am
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Raymond Oo Block A February 10th 2008

    1.Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2. Hu Yaobang wasa great reformer in China but his death brought his supporters together in Tiananmen to mourn and to demonstrate against the Communist goverment for being corrupt.

    3. The Protesters failed to influence the world or the government, and the PRC’s reputation amoung the west was greatly damaged. And the PRC bought better riot control weapons to the police to stop another tiananmen square from happening. Martial law was announced on March 20th and more protests happened across China.

    4. The begining was nice but the sound quality was terrible. Very difficult to understand what they were saying. Good music it matches a bit with the broadcast. Description was minimal and could have been explained in more detail. But good witness account. Overall a fairly decent podcast.

    5. Russian Revolution succeeded while the Tiananmen square protest failed because it was oppresed terribly. Russian Revolution motive was to start communism, Tiananmen square was for reform and change in the communist governement. They both were bloody and casualties high.

    Feb 10, 2008 at 12:55 pm
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Young Sun Park, Block A, February 11, 2008

    1. Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2. The death of Secretary General, Hu Yaobang, was the ultimate trigger of this revolution. Students and citizens were tired of not getting enough freedom and being under a communist/ corrupt government.

    3. The outcome of the revolution was that it was a failure, as the government did not change and the non-violent protests resulted in much injury and death of protestors.

    4. I really liked the background music and the voice effect of the other newscasters in the beginning and end of the podcast. However at times it was a little too fuzzy and hard to hear. It also would have been nice if you expanded a bit more on the situation and what types of people were protesting; but overall it was a good podcast.

    5. This revolution was quite similar to the Saffron revolution because both are under a communist rule and both use non-violent ways of protests. The military also responded using violence to quell protests but it doesn’t seem to be as much as displayed in the Tiananmen Square revolution.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 7:14 pm
  • Asuka Heltmann

    Asuka Heltmann Block A Feb 11th 2008

    1) The Tiananmen Square Protests happened mainly because they wanted a change in government. This meant that they wanted to change from a communist party to a democratic party. The citizens/students wanted a less corrupt country that would look for a better future.

    2) People had striked and protested at the Tiananmen Square in a total non-violent way, but the government had reacted in an opposite manner: with violence. Many people died, Martial Law was formed on May 20th and many other events happened as an outcome of the protests. The final result was no change in the government.

    3) I enjoyed listening to the podcast, even though the talking was hard to understand at times as it was burried below many sound effects. This, as many other podcasts, was a radio commentary on what was happening at the Tiananmen Square Protests and very successful.

    4) The Tiananmen Square Protest was similar to the bus boycott. The citizens who were mad at the government had striked peacefully without causing any deaths among them. Sadly, the government had not changed much after the revolution.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 7:52 pm
  • Juri Kawada

    Juri Kawada, Block A, Feb. 11. 08

    1.)Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2.) What had caused this revolution to happen was the death of Secretary General, Hu Yaobang. The people gathered in the Tiananmen Square to protest against the Communist government, and also to mourn for Hu Yaobang’s death.

    3.) The revolution was unable to be a success, and the government remained unchanged. It has damaged the reputation of the PRC in the West, and the number of protests keeps increasing.

    4.) I think the podcast was okay. The beginning and end of the podcast was really good and the background music was nice. Although, it was hard to understand what you said because of the noise in the background. I think you also could have explained a bit more, but it was understandable. I think that overall, this podcast was alright.

    5.) The similarity I found in this revolution and in the Singing Revolution was that the protesters had used non-violent methods to protest against the government. Except, in the Singing revolution the military forces did not use violence against the protesters, and the result of this revolution is like the total opposite of the Singing rev.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 7:54 pm
  • Sarita Morris Block A February 11, 2008

    1. Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2. The causes that came across this revolution were after the death of Secretary-general Hu Yaobang; there has been frustration through out the people of China. The students believed that their government was corrupted and they wanted to end the communist’s reign and democracy, for more freedom.

    3. Results for this revolution were that the government’s policy did not change, and that there was damage to the reputation of the PRC. China became a country under the rule of martial law and that both the European union and the US announced China to stop another Tiananmen square to happen again.

    4. They have great use of sound effects through out the whole pod cast, I think the pod cast was great. At some points while they were at the Tiananmen Square, they seemed very relaxed, instead of being horrified by the fact that they are just about to die. Besides that GREAT JOB GUYS!

    5. Some similarities with the Iranian revolution in 1979 is that the methods, and the people that demonstrated peacefully. But a difference between the two revolutions is that the government reacted differently, violently and also killing innocent people in both ways.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 8:03 pm
  • Nicole Shim

    Nicole Shim Block A Feburary 11 2008

    1. Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    2. The cause for this revolution was the death of Secretary general Hu Yaobang. The students gathered at Tiananmen squre to mourn for Hu Yaobang and to demonstrate against the government.

    3. The outcome of the revolution was that nothing changed in the government’s policy, which means it failed and there was damage to the reputation of the PRC. Many people have resulted in injury.

    4. I liked the sound effects and the background music. I like the intro. At first it was hard to understand and I think the background music was too loud. I think it’d better if they had explained it more but ovreall it was a nice podcast.

    5. Tiananmen Square Protests and the Singing Revolution are similar because the people in both revolution didn’t use any violence to protest. The difference between them were that this one has failed while the Singing Revolution was a success and also that in the Singing Revolution even the military force didn’t use any violence against protesters.

    Feb 11, 2008 at 11:52 pm
  • modernrevolutionsa

    Kristofer Merideth Block: H

    Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    1. Students came to Tiananmen Square to express their sadness to the secretary general who was killed. They did this to show that they wanted a new government. Then the government sent troops to end it.

    2. The Chinese Military came in and opened fired on the students who protesting. Other protests continued afterward.

    3. It was a good begging, very official; the sound was really bad when Victor and Hong started to talk. The information that was given was good, but could have been improved. Over all, this was a good pod cast. This is similar to our revolution because it was to overthrow a communist regime; it began with a peaceful protest. It is different because, this revolution ended in lots of deaths.

    4. This is similar to our revolution because it was to overthrow a communist regime; it began with a peaceful protest. It is different because, this revolution ended in lots of deaths.

    Feb 13, 2008 at 5:35 pm